Zimbabwe Profile

Zimbabwe Profile

Zimbabwe is located in the Southern part of Africa between South Africa and Zambia, 20 00 S, 30 00 E. it has an area of 390,757 square kilometers 386,847 square kilometers of which is land and the other 3,910 square kilometers being water. Making it slightly larger than Montana in America. The country boarders Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zambia. It is a land locked country thus having no coastline. Its land is 10.49% arable with 0.31% permanent crops and the other 89% non-arable.

It experiences tropical climate, moderated by altitude with a rainy season from November to March.

It possesses a mostly plateau terrain with higher central plateau (high veld), and mountains in the east. Its highest point being Injangani at 2,592m.

Zimbabwe has a number of natural resources namely; coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin and platinum group metals.

Zimbabwe is populated by Zimbabweans 98% of who are African (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%.

The official language is English but is not the only language spoken. Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects are also spoken throughout the country.

Religiously, it is diverse with syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24% Muslim and other 1%.

Zimbabwe has its capital in Harare located in the co-ordinates 1749S, 3102E. Zimbabwe’s population is estimated at 13,771,721 million people and puts Zimbabwe at number 72 as compared in the world.

General information about Zimbabwe has been organized to include the following;

Background and Geography of Zimbabwe

Economy of Zimbabwe

Membership of regional and International Organizations

Population and Health of Zimbabwe

Transport system in Harare City of Zimbabwe

Vision 2020 of Zimbabwe



  1. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/zi.html
  2. http://www.infoplease.com/country/zimbabwe.html?pageno=1