Urbanisation rate in Uganda
According Uganda Bureaux of Statistics (UBOS), Uganda’s urban population has increased rapidly from less than 1 million in 1980 to 6.4 million persons in 2014, indicating a more than six fold increase and estimated to be 6.8 million by mid 2016 .The percentage of Uganda’s population living in urban areas increased from 15.77% in 2014 to 16.1% in 2015. For the country to achieve faster socio-economic transformation there is need to raise the level of urbanization. Uganda’s urbanisation rate stands at 5.43 % per annum an indication that Uganda is moving towards a market economy. According to UN World Urbanisation Tends 2014, 54% of the world population reside in urban areas. Therefore Uganda’s level of urbanization is still very low when compared to the global trends. Kampala Capital City is 100 per cent urban with a population of 1.5million and is followed by Wakiso Municipality with a population of 0.366 million (UBOS 2014). The day time population of Kampala exceeds 2.5 million people during the major holiday seasons. Kampala Capital City rapid population growth of 5.6% per annum has impacted on the population structure of the city. The growth rate is largely influenced by rural-urban migration resulting in increased demand for employment, land for housing, social services and infrastructure that have stimulated spatial urban development and industrialization. The urban planning process has not achieved its intended purpose because of the continued political interference, conflicting land use policies, uncoordinated instructions between urban authorities and Ministry of Local Government. It is important to note that government has taken steps to rectify what has gone wrong in Urban Development but positive results will take time to be seen.