Sudan Profile

Sudan Profile

Sudan is officially referred to as the Republic of the Sudan. It is found in North Africa bordered by South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Egypt to the north the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The Nile River divides the country into two; east and west.

Sudan is the largest country on the African continent with a total land area of 2,505,810 km2 and a Coastline of 853 km. It has a population of about 35 million people.

In the northern plains and desert region, average temperatures range from 32° C in winter to 42° C in summer. The hottest months are May and June. In the central and southern regions, average temperatures are 27° to 29° C.

Sudan has struggled to maintain economic stability following South Sudan’s independence. 80% of the work force is employed in agriculture. The government is carrying out an austerity program to reduce expenditures.

Sudan is known for pyramids, temples and archaeological site that date back to prehistoric era. The Nile River is one of the places in Sudan where cultural tourism happens.

Arabia is the first official language in Sudan while English is the second.

General information about Sudan has been summarized to include the following;

Background and Geography of Sudan

Economy of Sudan

Membership of regional and international organisations

Population and Health of Sudan

Transport system in Khartoum Sudan

Vision of Sudan 2040



Further reading