Transport Sector Profile in South Sudan
Transport sector is one of the fast growing sectors in South Sudan since the country attained its independence in July 2011. The improvement of the transport infrastructure is a priority for government as it is key for the economic development of the country.
South Sudan is served by road, rail, inland water and air transport and the majority of people travel by road public transport. Using United Nations funding, the countries railway system has recently been rehabilitated and improved after its destruction in the civil war.
Characteristics of the Sector
- The sector has poor infrastructure
- The country is fairly connected to its neighbouring countries
- The transport vehicles are owned by small scale operators
- Weak regulatory framework
- Country has only 100km of paved roads today
- Plans to build 7,300 km of inter-state roads in the next 10 years
- Plans to construct bridges to Juba from the nine state capitals
Means of transport
Road is the most dominant mode of transport in South Sudan which is being improved by the government of South Sudan with donor support . About 7,000 km of roads are needed to provide rural accessibility and there is need to improve 2,500 km of the national and regional networks from bad to good condition as well as extending the paved road network.
A 248 kilometer single track railway road that connects Babanusa to Wau Town was rehabilitated with funding from United Nations after civil war disruption. There are proposals to connect the railway line from South Sudan with neighbouring countries especially with Uganda and Kenya.
Air transport is of strategic importance to South Sudan as it guarantees an alternative gateway to other parts of the world. The most developed airport in South Sudan is Juba International Airport which has regular international connections to Entebbe, Nairobi, Cairo, Addis Ababa, and Khartoum. The other international airports , Malakal, handles international flights to Addis Ababa and Khartoum and Wau handles flights to Khartoum and Rumbek.
The aviation sector is managed by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) which was established in February 2013. CAA is the government agency charged with the regulation and development of the air transport sector in South Sudan.
- Roads Safety Action Plan 2011-2020 for the Republic of South Sudan
- Fast tracking the Republic of South Sudan Transport sector for faster Regional Integration, trade and economic development
Challenges in the Transport Sector
- The country also lacks the required policy and institutional framework.
- Inadequate implementation capacity
- Lack of capacity to manage, maintain, and operate existing and new infrastructure
- Inability to apply internationally recognized safety and security standards
- Lack of reliable data is also a problem to overcome.
- Inadequate research of the sector has limited the development and growth
- Inadequate funding for the sector by government