Rivers in South Sudan

South Sudan is endowed with various water bodies including Rivers.

The following are the major rivers of South Sudan

The Nile

The Nile in South Sudan is known as the Bahr al Jabal. The Bahr al Jabal winds through rapids before entering the Sudan plain and the vast swamp of the Sudd. It eventually makes its way to Lake No, where it merges with the Bahr el Ghazal and forms the White Nile. A branch river called Bahr el Zeraf flows out of the Bahr al Jabal through the Sudd to eventually join the White Nile. The Bahr al Jabal passes through Juba, the capital of South Sudan.

Jur River/Sue River

Jur River/Sue River is a river in western South Sudan, flowing through the Bahr el Ghazal and Equatoria regions. About 485 kilometres long, it flows north and northeast, joining the Bahr el Ghazal River on the western side of the Sudd wetlands. The Jur River is part of the Nilebasin, as the Bahr al-Ghazal flows into the White Nile. The upper course of the Jur is also called the Sue.

Bahr el Ghazal

Bahr el Ghazal is a river in South Sudan. The name translates as “sea of gazelles”. The South Sudanese region of Bahr el Ghazal takes its name from the river.

The Bahr el Ghazal is the main western tributary of the Nile. It is 716 kilometres long, flowing through the Sudd wetlands to Lake No, where it joins the White Nile

Bahr al-Arab 

Bahr al-Arab is a river which flows approximately 800 kilometres through the southwest of Sudan and marks part of its international border with South Sudan. It is part of the Nile river system, being a tributary of Bahr el Ghazal, which is a tributary of the White Nile.

Other Rivers in South Sudan include:

Sobat River

Sobat River is a river of the Greater Upper Nile region in northeastern South Sudan, Africa. It is the most southerly of the great eastern tributaries of the Nile. The Sobat River is formed by the confluence of the west-flowing Baro River and the north-flowing Pibor River, on the border with Ethiopia. The river enters the White Nile at Doleib Hill, near the city of Malakal in Upper Nile State.

Adar River

Adar River is a tributary of the White Nile in the state of Upper Nile, South Sudan. It flows North West from the Machar Marshes and enters the White Nile just upstream of the town of Melut.

Yabus River

Yabus River raises in the far west of Ethiopia, in Asosa Zone, flows west into Sudan past the town of Yabus, and then enters South Sudan. At the town of Boing it turns south west and enters the Machar Marshes, where it loses its identity.

Daga River

Daga River is a river in South Sudan. It rises in the mountains of the Mirab Welega Zone in Ethiopia, just east of the South Sudan – Ethiopia border, where it is known as theDeqe Sonka Shet. It flows west past the town of Daga Post and enters the Machar Marshes where it loses its identity.

Baro River 

Baro River is a river in southwestern Ethiopia, which defines part of Ethiopia’s border with South Sudan. From its source in the Ethiopian Highlands it flows west for 306 kilometres (190 mi) to join the Pibor River. The Baro-Pibor confluence marks the beginning of the Sobat River, a tributary of the White Nile.

Jikawo River

Jikawo River is a river of southwestern Ethiopia. It is a tributary of the Baro River.

The river rises in Ethiopia, but in its lower course, it forms the border with South Sudan.

Pibor River

Pibor River is a river in eastern South Sudan, which defines part of South Sudan’s border with Ethiopia. From its source near Pibor Post it flows north for about 320 kilometres joining the Baro River to form the Sobat River, which is a tributary of the White Nile

Akobo River

Akobo River is a river on the border between South Sudan and Ethiopia. From its source in the Ethiopian Highlands near Mizan Teferi is flows west for 434 kilometres to join the Pibor River. The Pibor flows into the Sobat River, which in turn empties into the White Nile.

River Agwei

River Agwei is a tributary of the Pibor River that flows through eastern South Sudan and western Ethiopia. Its own tributaries include the Abara and Kongkong rivers.

Abara River

Abara River is a stream in Jonglei, South Sudan. It is a tributary of the Agwei River. The Abara meets the Kongkong River to form the Agwei just east of Bongak

Kongkong River

Kongkong River is a stream in the South Sudanese state of Jonglei, west of Boma National Park near the Ethiopian border. At the village of Bongak it joins the Abara River to form the Agwei or Agvey River, a tributary of the Pibor River. It is within the drainage basin of the White Nile.

Kangen River 

Kangen River is a river in South Sudan, just west of Boma National Park. It joins the Pibor River near Pibor.

Lotilla River 

Lotilla River is a river in South Sudan. It rises in marshes on the borders of Eastern Equatoria and Jonglei states and flows north to join the Pibor River near Pibor, at a junction with the Kangen River. The marshes are fed by the Medikiret River, which has its origins in marshes further south.

Veveno River 

Veveno River is a river in eastern South Sudan. It is a tributary of the Lotilla River, which it joins southwest of Pibor.

Lol River

Lol River is a stream in northern South Sudan that feeds the Bahr al-Arab, known locally as the Kiir River. It meets the larger river in Warrap state, south of the disputed Abyei Area and roughly 100 kilometers west of Bentiu.

Sopo River 

Sopo River is a river in South Sudan’s state of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. It joins the Pongo River to form the Lol River at Hujayni, due west from the state capital of Aweil. The Kuru River is its most significant tributary.

Kuru River 

Kuru River is a stream in the South Sudanese state of Northern Bahr el Ghazal. The town of Nymlal lies to its south.

Pongo River 

Pongo River is a stream in the South Sudanese state of Northern Bahr el Ghazal, just east of the state capital of Aweil and about twice as far northwest of Gogrial in neighbouring Warrapstate. It joins the Sopo River to form the Lol River.

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