The health sector is undergoing improvements and the key players in the provision of health services are non government organizations including World Health Organization.
Health service delivery in South Sudan is structured along four tiers: primary health care units (PHCUs), primary health care centres(PHCCs), County hospitals and State hospitals / teaching hospitals. At the national level, the Ministry of Health (MoH) seeks to provide overall strategic direction for health care, but also performs some service delivery functions – as well as managing the three teaching hospitals. State MoHs and County health departments are responsible for delivery of secondary and primary health care services respectively. About 70 per cent of functional health facilities are reliant on NGOs for operational support and there are around 800 PHCUs and PHCCs operated by NGOs
Ministry of Health
Through Ministry of Health manages the public healthcare system to ensure that good and affordable basic medical services are available to all people in South Sudan. The strategies for quality health care include providing subsidized medical services while promoting individual responsibility for the costs of healthcare services and encouragement of adoption of a healthy lifestyle that encourages responsibility for one’s own health.
The Ministry of Health performs the following functions and duties:
- To formulate policies and strategies in the field of preventive, curative and societal medicine within the Government of South Sudan medical policy framework.
- Development and supervision of clinics, dispensaries, health centres, hospitals and other medical institutions and services in Southern Sudan.
- Registration of doctors and paramedics as well as maintenance and updating of unified lists of physicians, dentists, pharmacists, medical technicians and specialists working in Southern Sudan.
- Develop and implement a human resources plan for the health sector, and build capacity of health-care staff, including curriculum development for different health-care workers.
- Provision of maternity services.
- Develop the capacity of the Ministry of Health to deliver Health education and promotion.
- Training of nurses and mid-wives including the management and supervision of medical training colleges and institutes.
- Plan and implement medical programmes and projects in Southern Sudan in accordance to Government of South Sudan policies and strategies.
- Supervision and control of use of medicines, drugs, poisons, and anasthetic substances.
- Establish quality control and assurance mechanisms for drugs and medical consumables.
- Control of epidemics.
- Quantifying and provision of medical needs (medicines, equipment, medical materials and supplies) of Southern Sudan.
- Develop a national health and diseases policy, strategies and plans.
- Support and supervise a decentralized and delegated system of health provision.
- Oversee human resources capacity development throughout the health sector.
- Set priorities, standards, regulations, and guidelines for the operation of health provision at all levels of government.
- Develop and operate a health information system.
- Coordinate an effective HIV/AIDS programme.
- Instigate and coordinate an effective family planning strategy and services.
- Instigate and coordinate an effective health education strategy.
- Supervise health inspection services, including food and other public health hazards; and
- Advise and support States and local governments in their responsibilities for health and build their capacity to assume all functions vested by the Constitution and Government of South Sudan policy.
Health Sector Policy of South Sudan
The Government of the Republic of South Sudan’s Health Policy articulated through its Health Sector Development Plan (HSDP) 2012-16 emphasizes primary health care and the provision of equitable and free, high-quality health services as the cornerstone of health system development.
The Health Sector Development Plan’s objectives are to:
- Increase the utilization and quality of health services, especially maternal and child health.
- Scale up health promotion and protection interventions so as to empower communities to take charge of their health; and
- Strengthen institutional functioning including governance and health system effectiveness, efficiency and equity.
Health Sector in South Sudan have been summarized to include the following