Energy Sector Profile in South Sudan
The energy sector is one of the key sectors in South Sudan’s economy with significant amount of natural resources, especially oil deposits located along the contentious Sudan-South Sudan border. South Sudan has lost around 95% of government revenue since it shut down oil production in early 2012 because of a dispute with Sudan over transshipment fees that has had a devastating impact on GDP, which declined by at least 55% in 2012.
After months of negotiations, Sudan and South Sudan agreed in March 2013 to resume oil production. South Sudan previously produced 350,000 barrels a day but will resume output of between 150,000 b/d and 200,000 b/d initially
South Sudan has abundant unexploited energy sources including renewable and non-renewable energy sources including the following:
- Large hydro development
- Provide 50 – 100 MW of Hydropower for South Sudan.
- Fula 40 MW Hydropower Project
- Tharjath 200 MW Thermal power Project
- Mini hydro power Projects i.e. Upgrading of Kinyeti River power Project, Sue River ( 12 – 15) MW Hydro power Project
- Beden 540 MW Hydropower Project
- Lakki and Shukole each 200 MW Hydropower Project
- Grand Fula 1080 MW Hydropower Project
National Strategic Plan for South Sudan’s energy sector
The medium-term plan to 2015 is estimated to require US$ 15 million of funding and targets a wide range of renewable options, including small-hydro power for rural mini-grids, development of the country’s geothermal resources, and modern and improved bio-energy options.
Government priorities in the renewable sector include:
- Reducing unsustainable biomass use,
- Increasing wind energy use for rural on- and off-grid electrification, as well as in water pumping and agriculture,
- Increasing the dissemination of community-scale PV projects,
- Assessment of the geothermal and small-hydro potentials of the country, and the identification of priority projects.
- Lack of Legal and regulatory framework
- Development of Human Resources capacity
- Limited access to electricity
- High electricity prices – Diesel fuel based production
- Poor quality and reliability of power supply
- The lack of electricity power supply has been and is still a great challenge to the establishment of industries in South Sudan;
- The lack of funding for power projects is equally a major challenge to investment.
Opportunities in energy sector
- Energy generation resources are also abundant and these include oil, natural gas, rivers, wind and solar.
- Hydroelectric power generation potential in South Sudan is enormous and stems mainly from the Nile as well as from other smaller rivers throughout the autonomous region.
- Transformer and electric cabling manufacturing
- Supply and installations
- Wind power generation
- Exploration of hydrocarbons and petroleum
- Bio-fuel production
- Hydropower development on the River Nile and its tributaries