The majority of the population in the country uses biomass including fuel-wood, charcoal and grass for lighting and cooking. About 99% and 50% of the population use these resources for cooking and lighting respectively. Modern energy is solely used for lighting purposes with about 14% of the population using petroleum products and close to 4% of the population use electricity
The revenues generated from petroleum production constitute a dominant part of the income of the country currently contributing about 90% to the national budget.
Although the goal of the government is to develop alternative sources of income and reduce oil sector dependency, the petroleum revenues will continue to dominate the national budget in the medium term. The government further recognizes that petroleum is a non renewable resource subject to volatile international market prices.
The government also intends implement a Petroleum Stabilisation Fund to dampen the impact of volatile oil prices on the budget.
The government has now drafted the National Petroleum Policy (SSNP) paper to guide the effective and sustainable management of petroleum resources of the country.
The Current State of Energy Sector has been summarized to include