Education sector is very important for the development of the economy as it equips people with the necessary skills and knowledge for effective performance in both business and other activities.
Characteristic of the sector
- The sector consists of both public and private owned schools
- Arabic and English languages are taught as subject courses in all schools
The Education Sector in Somalia has public and the private sector as the key players. The sector has both formal and non-formal educational institutions spanning all educational levels. Somalia has the following levels of education:
- Early Childhood Development (ECD)
- Primary education
- Secondary education
- Tertiary education
- Technical/Vocational education and training (TVET)
- Higher Education levels.
- Non-formal education (NFE)
- Religious education
The sector include public and private institution with aim of transforming education sector through knowledge and skillsdevelopment
Formal Education system
There are two distinct systems of educational stages in Somalia. The 9-3 system which is mainly used by the private institutions and the 8-4 system currently practiced in public education.
The 9-3 system
- Kindergarten Schools: 1-2 Years
- Primary Schools: 9 Years
- Secondary Schools: 3 Years
- Post-secondary institutes: 2-3 Years
The 8-4 system
- Kindergarten Schools: 1-2 years
- Primary Schools: 8 Years
- Secondary Schools: 4 years
- Post-secondary institutes: 2-3 years
Non-formal education (NFE)
Non-formal education, which refers to a broad set of learning opportunities that are offered to out-of-school children, youth and adult
These include vocational skills training, adult literacy, community health education, and agricultural extension activities
Current National Priorities in Education Sector
- Exposition truly free primary education in Mogadishu and other area willing to work with the ministry policy.
- Rehabilitating of former government schools and making them operational free primary and secondary schools.
- Establishing Teacher Training schools, for the supply of qualified teachers who can teach the children with quality education.
- Special Education School.
- Gender development program.
- Establishing Examination and Certification Board.
- Unifying Curriculum.
- Somali Science and Arts Academy.
- Improving relationship with education stakeholders.
- Establishing National Education Commission.
- Developing National Education Strategic Plan.
Challenges in education sector
The following are the challenges facing education sector:
- Political instabilities
- Inadequate infrastructures
- Inadequate budgetary resources
- Lack of enough qualified teachers
- Inadequate sports facilities