Natural Resources of Senegal

Natural Resources of Senegal

Senegal is rich in minerals especially phosphates and iron ore. There are also other recourses as detailed below;


Senegal has been one of the world’s leading phosphate producers, with major deposits at Taiba, Thiès and Matam. 1.5 Mt of phosphate is produced each year. Its mining potential is estimated at 500-1,000 million tonnes.


Heavy minerals – in the sands of Senegal there are rich resources of zirconium, titanium, metals and precious stones.

Iron ore

Iron ore deposits are located in four separate areas equal to 750 million tonnes.


Large deposits of good quality marble, estimated to several million cubic meters, are to be found in east Senegal.


The country may soon become the leading producer of gold in Africa, which is confirmed by the presence of the world’s largest producers of gold. Gold mining is ongoing in Senegal.

Industrial limestone

There are deposits of industrial limestone in Senegal.


Salt in Senegal is present in Lake Lac Rose (Rëtba). The lake has a high concentration of salt and serves as an important natural resource in Senegal’s economy.

Wild animals

Senegal is home to antelopes, chimpanzees, lions, leopards, hippos, waterbuck, bushbuck, kob, baboon, buffalo, green and hussar monkey, warthog, elephants, over 350 species birds, reptiles and amphibians. There are 6 national parks namely; Niokolo-Koba, Djoudj, Basse-Casamance, Delta du Saloum, Iles de la Madeleine and Langue de Barbarie.

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