Rwanda’s education sector is improving steadily over the recent past because of the support from both the public and private sectors. There has been growth rate of 15% in education enrolment with the availability of funds that has enabled the recruitment of 2,146 new primary teachers, the construction of 3,072 classrooms with 9,175 latrines for the nine year basic education programme and also enabled the ministry to purchase 3,054,950 primary school textbooks, train 40,008 primary and secondary teachers in English.
Legal and Regulatory framework in Education Sector
The Ministry of Education
The ministry is responsible for formal and non formal education and also supposed to transform the Rwandan citizen into skilled human capital for socio economic development of the country by ensuring equitable access to quality education focusing on combating illiteracy, promotion of science and technology, critical thinking and positive values.
Education Sector Policy
Education sector policy was established in 1998. The policy focuses on how to bring a solution to the real exigencies of the prevailing situation, in order to achieve a significant change in the education system after the terrible events that shattered the country in 1994.
Legal Education in Rwanda
Law in Rwanda requires one to have completed Advanced Level of Education and passed highly. The Law degree is a four year course taught at the National University of Rwanda. The subjects include criminal law, civil law, constitutional law, comparative law, administrative law, public international law, commercial law, international humanitarian law, environmental law, intellectual property rights and international development law.
Law on minimum age for the end of compulsory education
In accordance with article 28 of the Convention, Rwandan legislation provides that primary education is compulsory and free of charge. Under article 27 of the Constitution of 10 June 1991, subject to the enforcement of article 24, paragraph 2 and primary education shall be compulsory and free of charge in accordance with the procedures established by law.
Constitution is given explicit expression in Law No. 14/1985 of 29 June 1985, amended by Law No. 48/91 of 25 October 1991 concerning the organization of primary, integrated rural and vocational and secondary education.
Higher Learning Institutions
Higher education is delivered by the institutions of higher education. Higher education institutions are responsible for the delivery of higher education, research, innovation and knowledge transfer in accordance with this policy.
Planning and Policy Implementation
The Ministry in charge of Higher Education is responsible for the planning and coordination of higher education and the implementation and monitoring of the Higher Education Policy.
National Council for Higher Education
The National Council for Higher Education is responsible for advising the Minister in charge of Higher Education on all matters relating to the accreditation of higher education institutions. It is also responsible for monitoring and evaluating the quality, standard, ensuring the quality and enhancement of teaching and research.
The information under the Rwanda’s education sectors organised as follows;