Regulatory Framework for fisheries sub-sector in Rwanda
Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI)
The ministry is responsible for initiating, developing and managing suitable programs of transformation and modernization of agriculture and livestock to ensure food security and to contribute to the national economy
The ministry of agriculture is also in charged with advancing the sustainable development of a modern, efficient and competitive agricultural sector
Ministry of Natural Resources (MINIRENA)
Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for ensuring protection and conservation of the environment, optimal and rational utilization of natural resources for sustainable national development.
It is obliged to do formulation of Water resources management policy, strategic planning, coordination, quality assurance, monitoring, evaluation and capacity building and to put in place legal and regulatory framework
The ministry is responsible for fisheries
Animal Resources Development Authority (RARDA)
Rwanda Animal Resources Development Authority (RARDA) is responsible for contributing towards the growth of animal production through the development of appropriate technologies, providing advisory, outreach and extension services to stakeholders in the animal resources sector including provinces, districts, NGOs, farmers and farmer’s organizations, to allow them to modernize the sector in the framework provided by the national policy.
The functions of RARDA include;
- Implement the national animal resources policy
- Provide improved technology and extension services to farmers.
- Coordinate activities of professionals involved in farming activities and other partners dealing with products of animal origin.
- Train farmers so that they are able to play a more significant role in their profession and in national development.
- Coordinate activities aimed at improving animal resources so that they can complement each other.
- Collect, analyze and provide information and data on animal diseases and products of animal origin at the national level.
- Implement laws and regulations related to animal resources.
Surface water bodies in Rwanda occupy a total of 135,000 Ha which is 8% of the country’s surface area which includes 101 lakes totaling 1,495 km2, 861 rivers totaling 6,464km.The main lakes for fishing are Kivu, Cyohoha and Mugesera.
There are several minor lakes and many rivers, floodplains and swamps all of which are critical fish breeding and nursery grounds. Fisheries resources are among the most significant natural endowments in Rwanda as they represent a major source of protein in the diet of most Rwandan and revenue.
Description of the fisheries sector
Fishing activity is largely confined to the lakes of Kivu, Cyohoha and Mugesera and undertaken through co-operatives or associations of fishers. Fish production figures are still low and the country imports fish mainly from Tanzania and Uganda to meet the domestic demand.