ICT Sector Profile in Rwanda
Rwanda continues to be one of the fastest growing African countries in ICT and there are several opportunities for growth for the ICT sector including e-commerce and e-services, mobile technologies, applications development and automation and ICT training. ICT penetration rate in the country is 30% and the Internet is also growing with 7% penetration rate in the country
Characteristics of the sector
- The number of active mobile cellular phone subscribers increased to 53.1%, up from 41.5 % in 2012.
- ICT network infrastructure is currently concentrated in Kigali City
- ICT penetration rate is also higher in Kigali in comparison with other provinces in the country with 30% national penetration
- Rwanda was ranked the most dynamic African country in the ITU ICT Development Index in 2012
- Internet is also growing with 7% penetration rate in the country.
- Rwanda recorded a spectacular increase rate of Mobile phone in one decade by 1,400,000
Rwanda’s ICT Competitive advantage
- Cheap labour compared to other countries in the region
- Young and dynamic workforce 98% of the population is under 50 years and 43% is under 16 years
- Most favourable business environment in the region
- Low levels of corruption
- World class ICT infrastructure
- Strong and visionary leadership
- Bi-lingual business environment that is French and English
Current Situation in the sector
Information and Communication Technology is a central engine to driving Rwanda’s transformation to a knowledge based economy, a fact Rwanda has acknowledged by allocating a budget to ICT as a percentage of its GDP that is at par with OECD countries. There are several avenues for growth for the ICT sector from e-commerce and e-services, mobile technologies, applications development and automation to becoming a regional centre for the training of top quality ICT professionals and research. A robust ICT industry can create wealth, jobs and entrepreneurs.
Investment opportunities in the sector
- Improving affordability in order to reach the one-third of the population
- Widening access to more advanced ICT services such as broadband for high speed internet
- Leveraging the new ICT infrastructure to improve the delivery of services and to build on it as a source of economic growth
- Developing and aligning people skills relevant to the Information Technology enabled Services, industries and knowledge economy.