Agriculture is the main economic activity for the people of Rwanda providing employment to about 86% of the total population. The sector contributes 47% of Rwanda’s Gross Domestic Product and accounts for about 80% of the foreign earnings from the exports of the primary products for instance coffee, tea, hides and skins, pyrethrum and horticulture and 80% of the population derives their survival from Agriculture sector.
Regulatory framework in the Agriculture Sector Rwanda
The ministry is responsible for initiating, developing and managing suitable programs of transformation and modernization of agriculture and livestock to ensure food security and to contribute to the national economy.
The policy was amended in 2004 gives a road map of how to move agriculture sector from subsistence to market oriented production that will result in both economic growth and increased food security.
National Agricultural Research Institute (I.S.A.R)
This is the national research institution responsible for conducting agricultural research in order to transform subsistence to commercial agriculture through regionalization, intensification and specialization of agricultural production.
Rwanda Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) was approved by the government cabinet in July 2005 with the responsibility of ensuring the implementation of the policy for crop production and management issues and enabling the attainment of the target vision of the sector.
RARDA contributes towards the growth of animal production through the development of appropriate technologies, providing advisory, outreach and extension services to stakeholders in the animal resources sector including provinces, districts and NGO.
RHODA was created under Law no.40/2006 of 30/9/2006 with a mandate of assessing the potential of the sector and introduces new crops. The goal was to seek ways of growing fresh produce to the level of tea and coffee. RADA’s headquarters are based in Kigali City.
OCIR was established in 1964 with aim of supervising coffee related activities in the country, from production to commercialization and recently been reviewed to concentrate mainly on policy formulation and implementation, with particular emphasis on developing professionalism within the coffee industry as well as marketing and promoting Rwanda coffee.
The information under the Agriculture sector is organised as follows;