Abuja has been Nigeria’s capital city since December 1991. It is located in the centre of Nigeria, within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). The population of Abuja is about 2.3 million people. The city’s transport system consists of the following means of transport;
Special hire taxis
In Abuja special hire taxis are controlled under Abuja Taxi Scheme established by the Federal Capital Territory administration. The taxis are mostly yellow and blue in color. It is always better to agree on the fare before entering the vehicle.
Minibuses in Abuja can be found outside the city center in other towns of Abuja. They were banned from the plying routes in the city center to streamline city transport and reduce traffic congestion.
There are government mass transit buses in Abuja. These are the permitted to drive through metropolitan routes of the city. They have a seat capacity of 50 people and an additional 10 to 20 standing passengers.
Alight railway in Abuja is under construction. It is expected to be complete by 2015. The railway will connect the airport and satellite towns such as Nyanya, Kubwa, Mararaba and Lugbe with the nation’s capital. It is also expected to provide an affordable way for city’s workers to commute from the satellite towns surrounding it, up to about 700,000 commuters.