Namibia is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.
Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990 following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek. Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU) and the Commonwealth of Nations.
The dry lands of Namibia were inhabited since early times by San, Damara and Namaqua and since about the 14th century AD by immigrating Bantu who came with the Bantu expansion.
Namibia has a population of 2.1 million people and a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy. Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver and base metals form the basis of Namibia’s economy.
The name of the country is derived from the Namib Desert considered to be the oldest desert in the world. Before its independence in 1990, the area was known first as German South-West Africa, then as South-West Africa, reflecting the colonial occupation by the Germans and the South Africans
Namibia extends from 17°S to 25°S: climatically the range of the sub-Tropical High Pressure Belt, arid is the overall climate description descending from the Sub-Humid through Semi-Arid between 300 and 500 mm and Arid from 150 to 300 mm to the Hyper-Arid coastal plain with less than a 100 mm mean.
General information about Namibia has been summarized to include the following
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