Mozambique Profile

Mozambique Profile

Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest and it got her independence in 1975.

It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo previously called Lourenço Marques before independence. At 801,537 km2, Mozambique is the world’s 35th-largest country.

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country’s economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminium and petroleum production, is growing.

The country’s tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique’s main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Brazil, Spain and Belgium are also among the country’s most important economic partners.

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Swahili, Makhuwa, and Sena.

The country’s population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions.

Mozambique is a member of the African Union, Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and Southern African Development Community and an observer at La Francophonie.

Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. Climatic conditions however vary depending on altitude. Rainfall is heavy along the coast and decreases in the north and south. Average temperature ranges in Maputo are from 13 to 24 °C (55.4 to 75.2 °F) in July to 22 to 31 °C (71.6 to 87.8 °F) in February.

General information about Mozambique has been summarized to include the following

Background and Geography of Mozambique

Economy of Mozambique

Membership of regional and international organisations

Population and Health in Mozambique

Transport system in Maputo Mozambique

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