Mauritania is officially known as The Islamic Republic of Mauritania. It is situated in northwestern Africa bordered by Western Sahara (occupied by Morocco) and Algeria on the north, Mali on the east and south, Senegal on the southwest, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west.
It is named after the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed long ago in the far north of modern-day Morocco.
Mauritania has a land area of 1,030,700 km2 and 300 km2 of water cover. It has a 754 km coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. The country has a population of about 3.4 million people according to the 2013 estimate.
Trade winds moderate the temperature in the coastal region. The temperatures at the coast vary from 13° C to 19° C during the wet season and 26° C to 32° C during the dry season. About two-thirds of Mauritania has a Saharan climate with daytime temperatures exceeding 38° C but the nights are cool.
About half of Mauritania’s population depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood. The country has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for nearly 40% of total exports. The nation’s coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue.
The official language of Mauritania is Arabic.
General information about Mauritania has been summarized to include the following;