Libya is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. The country has an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres making Libya to be the 17th largest country in the world
Tripoli is the capital city of Libya with a population of 1.7 million people. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world and the 17th-highest petroleum production
The first inhabitants of Libya were Berber tribes. In the 7th century B.C., Phoenicians colonized the eastern section of Libya called Cyrenaica and Greeks colonized the western portion known as Tripolitania.
Tripolitania became part of the Roman Empire from 46 B.C. to A.D. 436 after which it was sacked by the Vandals. Cyrenaica belonged to the Roman Empire from the 1st century B.C. until its decline, after which it was invaded by Arab forces in 642. At the beginning in the 16th century, both Tripolitania and Cyrenaica nominally became part of the Ottoman Empire.
Following the outbreak of hostilities between Italy and Turkey in 1911, Italian troops occupied Tripoli. Libyans continued to fight the Italians until 1914 by which time Italy controlled most of the land. Italy formally united Tripolitania and Cyrenaica in 1934 as the colony of Libya.
Libya was the scene of much desert fighting during World War II. After the fall of Tripoli on Jan. 23, 1943, it came under Allied administration. In 1949, the UN voted that Libya should become independent and in 1951 it became the United Kingdom of Libya.
Oil was discovered in the impoverished country in 1958 and eventually transformed its economy.
General information about Libya has been summarized to include the following
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