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Kenya Profile

Kenya Profile

Kenya lies across the equator with Ethiopia in the North, Sudan in the Northwest, Uganda in the West, the Indian Ocean lies to the East and Tanzania in the South. The Rift Valley runs through the country north to south.

Land Area of Kenya                                                                         

Water

12,818 km2

Potential Agricultural land        

116,529km2

Forests, woodlands and national reserves and game parks

58,265 km2

Semi arid              

395,034 km2

Total land area

582,646 km2

Counties
The Constitution of Kenya 2010 which came into effect March 2013 created 47 county governments. The number of counties is based on the delineation of administrative districts as created under the Provinces and Districts Act of 1992. The largest county is Turkana County about 77000 km2 and the smallest Mombasa about 212.5 km2.

Mountains
Kenya has 3 mountains;

  • Mount Kenya(5199m, 17,060ft)
  • Mount Elgon(4300m, 14,100ft)
  • Mount Longonot(2776m, 9105ft)

Longest river: River Tana
Largest lake: Lake Turkana (also the largest alkaline lake in the world)

Biggest forest: Mau Forest

Number of national parks: 21 National Parks with Tsavo East National Park as the largest covering 13,747 km2.

Total population: 43,013,341 (July 2012 EST.)

Population growth rate: 2.444% (July 2012 EST.)

Urban population: 9,462,935 (July 2012 EST.)

Rural population: 33,550,406 (July 2012 EST.)

Age structure (2012 estimate)

Age

%

No. of Males

No. of females

Total

0-14

42.5

9,176,000

9,120,710

18,296,710

15-24

19.1

4,118,158

4,112,229

8,230,387

25-54

32.1

6,957,839

6,833,557

13,791,396

55-64

3.6

689,109

842,131

1,531,240

65 and over

2.7

512,921

650,687

1,163,608

Health

  • Life expectancy Male (2012 EST.): 61.62 years
  • Life expectancy female (2012 EST.): 64.55 years
  • Infant mortality (2012 EST.): 43.61 deaths/1,000 live births
  • HIV/AIDS- Adult prevalence rate: 6.3% (2009 EST)
  • DTP3 – immunization coverage: 88% (2011 EST.)
  • Malaria prevalence- Western and Lake Region (2012): 38%
  • Malaria prevalence- Rest of the country (2012): below 5%
  • Birth rate (2012 EST.): 31.93 births/1000 population
  • Death rate (2012 EST.): 7.26 deaths/1000 population
  • Net migration rate (2012 EST.): -0.23 migrant(s)/1000 population
  • Maternal mortality rate: 360 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
  • Total fertility rate (2012 EST.): 3.98 children per woman