Guinea Bissau Profile

Guinea Bissau Profile


Guinea-Bissau is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west.

Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, part of the Mali Empire; parts of this kingdom persisted until the 18th century. Other parts of the territory in the current country were considered by the Portuguese as part of their empire.


Guinea-Bissau covers 36,125 km² with an estimated population of over 1,600,000.


Guinea-Bissau is among the world’s least developed nations and one of the 10 poorest countries in the world and depends mainly on agriculture and fishing. Cashew crops have increased remarkably in recent years and the country now ranks sixth in cashew production. Guinea-Bissau exports fish and seafood along with small amounts of peanuts, palm kernels, and timber.


The official language of Guinea-Bissau is Portuguese, despite being spoken by only 11% of the population.

Religious beliefs

Islam is the majority religion. Approximately 85% of the population is Muslim, while 8% is Christian and 7% holds traditional animist beliefs.


The climate in Guinea-Bissau is tropical. This means it is generally hot and humid. It has a monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with south westerly winds and a dry season (December to May) with north easterly harmattan winds.

General information about Guinea Bissau has been summarized to include the following

Background and Geography of Guinea Bissau

Economy of Guinea Bissau

Membership of regional and international organisations

Population and Health of Guinea Bissau

Transport system in Bissau Guinea Bissau

For more reading