Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa with its capital City at Asmara; it is bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia in the south and Djibouti in the east. The north-eastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands. Eritrea lies between latitudes 12° and 18°N and longitudes 36° and 44°E.
Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country with nine recognized ethnic groups. It has a population of around 6 million inhabitants. Most residents speak Afro-Asiatic languages, either of the Semitic or Cushitic branches.
Eritrea is tied to its strategic position on the Red Sea littoral, with a coastline that extends more than 1,000 km. Many scientists believe that it is from this area that anatomically modern humans first expanded out of Africa
Eritrea declared its independence and gained international recognition in 1993. Though its constitution, adopted in 1997, stipulates that the state is a presidential republic with a unicameral parliamentary democracy, it has yet to be implemented. In 1998 a border dispute with Ethiopia led to the two-year Eritrean–Ethiopian War.
The economy of Eritrea has experienced considerable growth in recent years. A big reason for the recent growth of the Eritrean economy is the commencement of full operations in the gold and silver Bisha mine and the production of cement from the cement factory in Massawa.
General information about Eritrea has been summarized to include the following
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