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Egypt Profile

Egypt Profile

Egypt also known as Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

Egypt, at the northeast corner of Africa on the Mediterranean Sea, is bordered on the west by Libya, on the south by the Sudan, and on the east by the Red Sea and Israel.

Egypt is divided into two unequal, extremely arid regions by the landscape’s dominant feature, the northward-flowing Nile River. The Nile starts 161 km south of the Mediterranean and fans out to a sea front of 155 mi between the cities of Alexandria and Port Said.

Egypt covers a total area of 1,001,450 sq km, with land covering an area of 995,450 sq km and water covering 6,000 sq km.

The Country is long known for its pyramids, River Nile and ancient civilization.

Egypt is the most populated country in the Middle East, and the third most populous on the African continent, with about 84 million inhabitants as of 2013.

Temperatures average between 80 and 90 °F (26.7 and 32.2 °C) in summer, and up to 109 °F (43 °C) on the Red Sea coast. Winter temperatures average between 55 and 70 °F (13 and 21 °C). A steady wind from the northwest helps lower temperatures near the Mediterranean coast.

The economy depends heavily on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, tourism and cash remittances from Egyptians working abroad, mainly in Saudi Arabia, Europe and the Gulf countries.

The Giza Necropolis is Egypt’s most iconic site.

The official language of the Republic is Modern Standard Arabic

General information about Egypt has been summarized to include the following

Background and geography of Egypt

Vision of Egypt

Economy of Egypt

Membership of regional and international organisations

Population and Health of Egypt

Transport system in Cairo Egypt



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