Natural Resources of Republic of Congo

Natural Resources of Republic of Congo

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) important resources include petroleum and natural gas, most of which are produced in offshore fields.

Natural gas

Congo holds the fifth-largest proven reserves of natural gas in Sub-Saharan Africa at 3.2 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), according to OGJ. The country’s gross natural gas production was 334 billion cubic feet (Bcf) in 2011, although only 15 percent (51 Bcf) was marketed. A majority of the natural gas, 68 percent (228 Bcf), was reinvested to boost oil production.  Although the country has sizable proven natural gas reserves, only small amounts are monetized due to the lack of gas infrastructure.

Oil sands

Congo also may hold large oil sands deposits (unconventional petroleum deposits of bitumen also known as tar sands) and Eni, an Italian company, is currently leading exploration activities. Congo is the second country in Africa, after Madagascar that may start to produce oil sands for commercial use before the end of this decade.


Large reserves of potash (potassium chloride) are found at Tchitondi (Holle), 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Pointe-Noire.

Iron ore is found in the south and in the western Sangha basin.

Minor deposits of gold and diamonds are located in the Kouilou valley, and there are copper and lead deposits west of Brazzaville.

There are also deposits of zinc, tin, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, hydro power and titanium.


Forests of softwoods and hardwoods cover much of the country.

National Parks

Republic of Congo has five national parks which include:

  • Conkouati-Douli National Park
  • Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park
  • Ntokou-Pikounda National Park
  • Odzala National Park
  • Ougoue Lekiti National Park

  • US Energy Information Admninistration
  • Republic of the Congo: Demographic trends
  • List of national parks in Africa

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