Economy of Chad

Economy of Chad

Gross Domestic Product 2012

GDP (purchasing power parity): $50.32 billion (2012 est.)

GDP real growth rate: 4.7%

GDP per capita (PPP): $2,300

GDP composition by sector

Agriculture: 19.8%

Industry: 30.9%

Services: 49.3%

Inflation: 1.9% June 2013

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Business Languages

The commercial languages include the following

  • French
  • Arabic
  • Sara


Chad has a total of 33,400 km of roads of which approximately 500 km are paved.

Total waterways in Chad cover 4,800 km (3,000 mi), of which 2,000 km (1,250 mi) are navigable all year. Chari and Logone Rivers are navigable only in wet season.

Most rivers flow but intermittently. On the Chari, between N’Djamena and Lake Chad, transportation is possible all year round. In September and October, the Logone is navigable between N’Djamena and Moundou, and the Chari between N’Djamena and Sarh.

Pipelines, since 2003, a 1,070 km pipeline has been used to export crude oil from the oilfields around Doba to offshore oil-loading facilities on Cameroon’s Atlantic coast at Kribi

Seaports and harbours, Chad’s main routes to the sea are:

  • From N’Djamena and the south west of Chad:
  • By road to Ngaoundéré, in Cameroon, and then by rail to Douala
  • By road to Maiduguri, in Nigeria, and then by rail to Port Harcourt
  • From the north and east of Chad:
  • By road across the Sahara desert to Libya
  • There is also a route across Sudan, to the Red Sea
  • Air transport is being provided by N’Djamena International Airport

Energy in Chad

Chad’s energy sources consist primarily of electricity, wood, solar, wind, and geothermal among others

Challenges in Chad

  • Lack of water, energy, transport and telecommunication infrastructures
  • Cameroon has an unemployment rate between 40-50%
  • Poverty with about 50 to 55% of the total population living below poverty line
  • Cameroon has a literacy rate of about 68% percent
  • Volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes
  • Deforestation
  • Overgrazing
  • Desertification
  • Poaching
  • Over-fishing
  • Poor sanitation
  • Lack of good drinking water and water for domestic purposes

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