Burundi’s education sector is improving steadily over the recent past because of the support from both the public and private sectors. The Global Partnership for Education (GPE) granted 52.9 million dollar to Burundi for a three-year period (2013-2015) to support the ambitious objectives that the country has set for itself for education and training to guarantee access to quality education for all Burundi children.
The Government adopted the following educational objectives for 2015:
- To achieve the universal completion of the primary cycle in 2015
- To manage in a controlled manner the fluxes of pupils beyond the primary level
- To improve the quality and the relevance of public education
- To guarantee an equitable education system
- To assure better efficiency in the use of resources
- Develop and promote competitiveness.
- Develop and promote self confidence, open mindedness and mutual acceptability within partner states.
- Reinforce the teaching of SMT (science, mathematics and technology)
- Reinforce the quality and accuracy of the teaching/ curricula.
- Empower teachers/ ongoing teacher training.
- Introduce ICT (Information, communication and Technology)
- Training of HIV/AIDS.
Legal and Regulatory framework in Education Sector
The Ministry of National Education
The ministry is responsible for determining the policies and direction of the educational system in Burundi.
The system of education in Burundi has a structure of 6 years of primary education, 7 years of secondary education which is divided into 4 years of lower secondary and 3 years of upper secondary school and 3 to 5 years of post-secondary education.
Primary School Level
The specific objective at the primary school level is universal enrolment. To achieve this, primary schooling has gradually been made compulsory for all, and last year the government made it free. The government is now struggling with the significant financial effort in sustaining the free basic education.
Secondary School Level
The government has encouraged the establishment of community and private secondary schools and colleges. Substantial support from government and donors is still required, however, to provide the schools with adequate teaching materials, qualified teaching staff, and the minimal facilities needed to ensure an acceptable quality of education.
Higher Education Level
At the higher education level, focus has been on training teachers and developing retention strategies for teachers. The strategy also calls for a balance between training needs and market needs at the university and other colleges of higher learning.
The education sector has been summarized to include the following