Vision Burundi 2025 seeks to put Burundi on the path of sustainable development in the run-up to 2025. In this regard, the ultimate objective is to redress the negative trends in GDP per capita that the country has experienced for more than a decade since the crisis of 1993, ensuring that this goes up from USD137 in 2008 to USD720 in 2025.
Burundi has set itself the following essential objectives:
- The installation of good governance within the rule of law
- The development of a strong and competitive economy
- The improvement of the living conditions of the people of Burundi
Plans for transforming the economy of Burundi
- To reconstruct national unity, Government and its societal stakeholders will invest in the quest to identify the most effective ways and means for ensuring that reconciliation among, Burundian can become a reality in order to establish a lasting peace throughout the whole the country. In this regard, the spirit of equity will be mainstreamed into the principles guiding the work of all agencies of government, at the central government and grass-roots levels, in an effort to enshrine social justice and crack down on official lawlessness. The State, while playing a dominant role in the process of national unity, will be supported by civil society and religious organizations. The traditional mechanisms for the resolution of conflict and societal management will be implemented.
- To control population growth and ensure food security by setting up an aggressive demographic policy in order to limit the population growth rate from 2.5% to 2% by 2025.
As a result, the country will only have an approximate population of 11.5 million in 2025. At such a pace, the population will double only in the space of 30 years. Vision Burundi 2025 will set up suitable policies for reducing, over time, demographic growth and to promote urbanization at the same time, making it possible to move most young people from the countryside towards the cities in order to free up arable lands.
- To resolve the crucial problem of unemployment and increase the revenues of households, the option of a long-term vision is essentially designed to prepare a better future for society. The analysis of the school system and its products highlights a certain number of circumstances which attest to the fact that unemployment represents a considerable challenge for the future of the country. Vision Burundi 2025 sets out to bring multisector solutions of creation of jobs through promotion of the private sector as the engine of growth and the creation of jobs. The increase in the rate of urbanization and regional integration which will be initiated offer employment opportunities. An aggressive policy of training and education in order to form a pool of skilled labor and a high-level and competitive expertise will be undertaken in parallel.
- To set up infrastructures for promoting production, one of the structural weaknesses of the Burundian economy resides in the lack of infrastructures of support for production. The improvement and the installation of new infrastructures will make it possible to increase production, to reinforce the competitiveness of Burundian companies and to improve the living standards of the populations. In the short and medium term, action will be taken to bring about the rehabilitation of the support infrastructures for production and their consolidation for a progressive transformation of the rural world.
- To raise the level of literacy through universal primary education, altogether as the adult illiteracy rate in Burundi will be only 20 percent and create skilled professionals through modernizing agricultural production and the rural world, of developing a service industry and promoting a policy of urbanization.
- B y 2025, Burundi will have achieved a rate of urbanization of approximately 40%, under the combined effect of both a proactive policy of urbanisation and economic diversification which will be underpinned notably by the development of tertiary and secondary sectors as well as the establishment of mining operations, providing more job opportunities;
- By 2025, the rate of economic growth will have reached an average of 10% and this will translate into a perceptible increase in incomes from $720 per capita and poverty will be halved compared to its current level of 67%;
- The introduction of good governance and the rule of law, the further stabilization of the political environment, the consolidation of peace and security, the reinforcement of the rule of law and the rational and transparent management of public revenue will guide the implementation of Vision Burundi 2025.
- To develop a robust and competitive economy, the attainment of the objectives of the Vision will depend on achieving growth that is rapid and equitably distributed and an economy whose productive base will be extended to encompass industry and the services.
- To ensure a better quality of life for Burundians, a better quality of life for Burundians by 2025 will be made possible by sustained high growth of the economy and the effectiveness of the policy of regional planning and of urbanization. A proactive policy of urbanization by 2025 will allow most of the Burundian population to live in urban centers and have access to basic social services of high quality whose facilities will be upgraded and their costs reduced.
- To promote an accelerated economic growth of at least 10%, Vision Burundi 2025 plans to change the growth rate to 10% by 2025. To achieve this goal Burundi intends to broaden and diversify the productive base by in particular increasing the capacities that contribute to the sectors promoting growth, while enhancing the participation of the private sector and the diversification of employment and income opportunities
- To benefit from regional integration to increase and diversify the Burundian economy as the economic growth of Burundi depends on its integration to the regional and sub-regional market.
- To gradually restore social cohesion while once again honoring the fundamental cultural values which always characterized Burundian society.
- To set up a proactive policy of villagisation and urbanization allowing for action to raise the rate of growth of urbanization to 40 percent.
- To create synergies between the various development stakeholders and to promote a framework favorable to dialogue and consensus in the planning process for the development, financing and implementation of Vision Burundi 2025.