Botswana Natural Resources

Botswana Natural Resources


Botswana is the world’s biggest diamond producer supplying 21% of global rough diamonds producing over 15 million carats of diamonds a year. With its diamond reserves predicted to run out in 20 years, about 18 million carats over 20 years are expected to be recovered from a modular tailings treatment project currently under construction at Debswana’s Jwaneng diamond mine in Botswana, world’s richest diamond mine by value.


In addition to diamonds, it has sizable mineral deposits of copper, coal, nickel, beef, textiles, silver and salt.

Botswana has the world’s largest salt pans – the Makgadikadi Pans are the largest salt pans in the world with an area of about 12 000 sq km

National Parks

The country has the following national parks;

  • Chobe National Park
  • Kgalagadi Transfrontier National park
  • Makgadikgadi Pans National Park
  • Nxai Pan National Park
  • Central Kalahari Game Reserve
  • Khutse Game Reserve
  • Linyanti Swamp
  • Mashatu Game Reserve
  • Mokolodi Nature Reserve
  • Moremi Wildlife Reserve
  • Okavango Delta
  • Shavuti Channel and Savute Marsh

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