Algiers City

Algiers City


Algiers is the capital and largest city of Algeria in North Africa. It is located on a bay of the Mediterranean Sea and is an important port. Algiers is built on the slopes of the Sahel Hills, which parallel the Mediterranean Sea coast. It extends for 16 km along the Bay of Algiers.

History of the City

Algiers was founded by the Phoenicians as one of their numerous North African colonies. The Carthaginians and the Romans referred to it as Icosium. It was destroyed by the Vandals in the 5th century. In the 10th century, it was revived under a Berber dynasty. Barbarossa’s efforts to expel the Spaniards turned Algiers into the major base of the Barbary pirates for the next 300 years. Piracy based in Algiers continued, until the French captured the city in 1830. The French made Algiers a military and administrative headquarters for their colonial empire in North and West Africa. After 1962, when Algeria became independent, changes were made to the city as the new government set out to create a modern socialist society out of a less-developed colonial one. A large portion of the city’s European population left in the decades following Algerian independence.


Algiers is 1,190 km² and it has a population close to 3 million people.


Algiers has vast transport system which includes underground metro transit system, buses, railway, Algiers tramway, communal taxis, motor Cycles among others

Attractions in Algeria

  • Tipaza
  • Tassili n’Ajjer
  • Le Jardin d’Essai du Hamma
  • La Grande Poste d’Alger
  • Le Bastion 23 – Palais des Rais
  • Jamaa El Kebir
  • Musee National du Bardo
  • Memorial du Martyr
  • Le Musee National Des Beaux Arts
  • Musee des Antiquites
  • Musee de l’Armee
  • Museum of Modern Art Algiers
  • Ketchaoua Mosque
  • Cathedrale du Sacre Coeur
  • Bordj Tamentfoust
  • Musee Nationale des Arts et Traditions Populaires
  • Grotte de Cervantes
  • Aquafortland
  • Notre Dame d’Afrique
  • Ben Aknoun Zoo