Uganda Profile

The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country located in the heart of Africa, astride the Equator, bordered by Kenya in the east, South Sudan in the north, Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west, Rwanda in the southwest and Tanzania in the south. Uganda occupies most of the Lake Victoria Basin.

Uganda lies between latitudes of 4 degrees North and 1 degree South and longitudes of 30 degrees East and 35 degrees East.

The total area of the country is about 236,040 square kilometres including 36,330 square kilometres of inland water.

Uganda’s altitude ranges from 620 meters to 5,110 meters above sea level.

Uganda is endowed with outstanding topographical features which include the Kigezi highlands (referred to as the Switzerland of Africa), the Ruwenzori mountains (referred to as the Mountains of the Moon), lush forests, game parks, natural lakes and the source of the Nile.

There is very little seasonal variation in the climate which is warm and fairly humid. Temperature averages 22o’c (16o-30o) centigrade in most of the country with rainfall of about 500-2100 millimetres per year.

‘The beauty, wildlife, diversity, and friendly people led Winston Churchill to refer to Uganda as ‘The Pearl of Africa’.


Uganda has 111 districts. Kaabong with 27,900 square kilometres is the largest district followed by Masindi with 9,326 square kilometres. Bududda with an area of 274 square kilometres is the smallest district followed by Kibuka with 336 square kilometres.

Business Languages
The commercial languages include the following;

  • English
  • Swahili
  • Luganda

Other details of the profile of Uganda are summarised as follows;

Ugandan National Anthem
Uganda’s Future
The Executive
Presidents of Uganda
Background and Geography of Uganda
Development partners with Uganda
Exports of Uganda
International Trade Agreements with Uganda
Investment Authority of Uganda
Investment Guarantees in Uganda
Membership of International organisations
Natural Resources of Uganda
Population and Health of Uganda
Trading Partners of Uganda
Vision 2040 of Uganda

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