Profile of Tanzania

Tanzania has a total land area of 885,800 square kilometres, including 2,643 square kilometres that comprise the Zanzibar.

Forests:                                                   

334,280 square kilometres

Water bodies:                                            

59,050 square kilometres

Agriculture:                                               

337,643 square kilometres

National parks and game reserves:        

156,046 square kilometres

Coastline:                                                

1,424 square kilometres

Districts
Tanzania has 156 districts. Mpanda with 45,843 square kilometres is the largest followed by Liwale with 36,084.  Musoma Urban with 28 square kilometres is the smallest district in Rwanda that follows Moshi Urban with 58 square kilometres.

Mountains in Tanzania
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain with a height of 5,895 metres followed by Mount Meru with a height of 4,566 metres.

River
River Rufiji is the largest river in Tanzania draining most of the southern part of the country and navigable for 100 kilometres.

Lake
Lake Tanganyika is the largest lake in Tanzania that covers 32,900 square kilometres.

Population and Health 

Total population (estimated):

46,912,768

Average population growth:

2.85%

Urban population:

10,299,900

Urban growth rate:

4.6%

Rural population:                   

33,003,142

Rural growth rate:

2.2%

Age and gender structure 2012

Years

percent

male

Female

0-14

45%

10,646,436

10’461,674

15-24

19.4%

4,553,069

4,559,629

25-54

29.2%

6,855,700

6,839,430

55-64

3.5%

701,915

930,892

65 years and over

2.9%

590,927

773,096

Totals

100

23,348,047

23,564,721     

Health
Life expectancy

Male:

51.6 years

Female:

54.7years (est 2012)

Infant mortality:

46.5 deaths/1,000 live births

HIV prevalence:

5.6%

Gross Domestic Product 2012

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$73.5 billion

GDP real growth rate:

6.5%

GDP per capita (PPP):

$1,700

Currency: Tanzania shillings (TZS)

Business languages

  • Kiswahili
  • English
  • Arabic

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