Beekeeping is playing a significant social role as it a source of food for rural people, raw materials for industry income and it helps in biodiversity by increasing agricultural production through pollination. The industry generates about US$ 2 million per annum and employs over 2 million people in the country.
Areas with beekeeping in Tanzania
Methods of carrying out bee keeping in Tanzania
Using log and bark hives
Apiaries are in forest areas
Largely a man’s business
Key bee products
Tanzania’s honey is purely organic and is ranked the best in the world having passed the international quality tests in United Kingdom by 100% for clarity, consistency and low yeast and moisture contents.
Tanzania’s beeswax is highly priced, highly demanded nationally and internationally. The product is into already established and reliable market in Europe, Japan and Middle East.
Potential and production of bee
The country has about 38,800,000 ha of forest and woodlands ideal for beekeeping and also agriculture areas can be used.
The presence of both stinging and non stinging honeybees coupled with existence of indigenous knowledge in beekeeping is also a great potential.
Average production is 9380mt of honey worth the value of 14 billion shillings
Average of 62.3mt of beeswax worth 2.8 billion shillings is produced and the utilization in the country is about 7%.
Legal and Institutional framework
National Beekeeping Policy 1998
Its purpose is to enhance the sectors economic contribution and management of natural resources through active participation by all stakeholders in the beekeeping industry.
National Forestry Policy 1998
The policy provides opportunities for beekeepers to practice beekeeping in forest reserves.
Wildlife Policy of Tanzania 1998
Beekeeping activities are encouraged to be carried out in wildlife management areas (MWA) with special permission from the directors of wildlife.
Challenges with beekeeping in Tanzania
Inadequate marketing of bee products due to inaccessibility to markets, lack of information and unreliable transport
Poor quality of bee products due to inadequate skills to apply improved technology and use of inappropriate technology in harvesting
Low production of bee products due to poor use and access to improved production technology and increased loss of beekeeping areas.
Inadequate statistical information to guide plans and operations in the beekeeping industry