Beekeeping in Tanzania

Beekeeping is playing a significant social role as it a source of food for rural people, raw materials for industry income and it helps in biodiversity by increasing agricultural production through pollination. The industry generates about US$ 2 million per annum and employs over 2 million people in the country.

Areas with beekeeping in Tanzania

  • Tabora
  • Iringa
  • Singida
  • Lindi
  • Shinyaga
  • Kigoma
  • Kagera
  • Kilimanjaro
  • Dodoma

Methods of carrying out bee keeping in Tanzania

Using log and bark hives

Apiaries are in forest areas

Largely a man’s business

Key bee products

Honey

Tanzania’s honey is purely organic and is ranked the best in the world having passed the international quality tests in United Kingdom by 100% for clarity, consistency and low yeast and moisture contents.

Beeswax

Tanzania’s beeswax is highly priced, highly demanded nationally and internationally. The product is into already established and reliable market in Europe, Japan and Middle East.

Potential and production of bee

The country has about 38,800,000 ha of forest and woodlands ideal for beekeeping and also agriculture areas can be used.

The presence of both stinging and non stinging honeybees coupled with existence of indigenous knowledge in beekeeping is also a great potential.

Average production is 9380mt of honey worth the value of 14 billion shillings

Average of 62.3mt of beeswax worth 2.8 billion shillings is produced and the utilization in the country is about 7%.

Legal and Institutional framework

National Beekeeping Policy 1998

Its purpose is to enhance the sectors economic contribution and management of natural resources through active participation by all stakeholders in the beekeeping industry.

National Forestry Policy 1998

The policy provides opportunities for beekeepers to practice beekeeping in forest reserves.

Wildlife Policy of Tanzania 1998

Beekeeping activities are encouraged to be carried out in wildlife management areas (MWA) with special permission from the directors of wildlife.

Challenges with beekeeping in Tanzania

Inadequate marketing of bee products due to inaccessibility to markets, lack of information and unreliable transport

Poor quality of bee products due to inadequate skills to apply improved technology and use of inappropriate technology in harvesting

Low production of bee products due to poor use and access to improved production technology and increased loss of beekeeping areas.

Inadequate statistical information to guide plans and operations in the beekeeping industry

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