Transport sector is one of the fast growing sectors in South Sudan since the country attained its independence in July 2011. The improvement of the transport infrastructure is a priority for government as it is key for the economic development of the country.
South Sudan is served by road, rail, inland water and air transport and the majority of people travel by road public transport. Using United Nations funding, the countries railway system has recently been rehabilitated and improved after its destruction in the civil war.
Regulatory framework in the Transport Sector South Sudan
Ministry of transport
The mission is to serve the people of Southern Sudan by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible, convenient and affordable intermodal transportation system that meets the vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of people today and into the future.
The Ministry of Roads and Transport performs the following functions and duties:
- Establish and oversee the implementation of the legal framework and regulations for the development of the transport network of South Sudan.
- Develop and execute an integrated transport strategy for South Sudan.
- Develop and oversee specific strategies for the development of road, air, rail and river transport.
- Develop road construction standards and specifications and maintenance regimes on all classifications of roads throughout South Sudan.
- Draw up and maintain a system of road classification for all public roads in South Sudan.
- Design, construct and maintain all roads classified as International and Inter-State roads.
- Oversee the operation of the South Sudan Roads Authority.
- Oversee the standards of construction of roads constructed by States and local governments.
- Implement and manage the construction of roads on behalf of States and local governments until such time as the relevant government unit has the capacity to undertake such functions independently.
- Design, construct and maintain river ports, docking yards and navigation channels.
- License and regulate all commercial river transport operators.
- Develop railway railways standards and specifications, design, construct, supervise and monitor the development of railway lines and operations.
- Operate, manage and develop international and national airports in South Sudan.
- Manage all other airports and airstrips until such time as State governments have the capacity to undertake this responsibility.
- Establish and implement standards for the operation of commercial airlines and aircraft operating in South Sudan.
- Carry out training of drivers, mechanics and operators for the efficient control and management of public vehicles.
- Maintain an inventory of government vehicles.
- Regulate privately-owned public transport services through licensing and inspection.
- Registration of road, rail, river and aeronautical engineers carrying out business in South Sudan;
- Provide technical assistance and training to State governments and other local governments to build their capacity to assume their responsibilities for road construction and other transportation matters as defined in the Constitution and other Government of South Sudan policies.
South Sudan Roads Authority (SSRA)
South Sudan Roads Authority was established in 2011 with the responsibility for the management, development, rehabilitation and Maintenance of all Inter-state and International Roads in South Sudan.
Transport Sector in South Sudan has been summarized to include the following;