The public sector refers to the production, delivery and allocation of goods and services by and for the government or its citizens, whether at central or local government level. The public sector covers all government ministries and agencies of government.
The legal and regulatory framework used by the Public Sector to initiate and implement infrastructure development and service delivery is covered under the following:
The South Sudan Constitution of 2011
The Constitution is the supreme law of South Sudan that was adopted in 2011. It supersedes the transitional constitution of 2005 after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
Importance’s of the Constitution
- The primary function of a constitution is to lay out the basic structure of the government according to which the people are to be governed
- The constitution of a country not only defines the powers allotted to each of the three main organs, but it also significantly makes a clear demarcation of the responsibilities assigned to each of them
- Since the country’s constitution stands superior to all the laws framed within the territorial precincts of the country, any law enacted by the ruling government has to be in conformity with the concerned constitution
- The constitution does not simply provide a recipe for an efficient government, but also deals with limitations on power
- The constitution lays down the national goals which form the basic edifice on which the nation rests upon.
Land Act 2009
The Land Act provides for the tenure, ownership and management of land, to amend and consolidate the law relating to tenure, ownership and management of land and to provide for other related or incidental.
Local Government Act 2009
The Act provides for the establishment of local governments, their powers, functions and duties, structures, composition, finances and any other matters related thereto.
The public sector of South Sudan has been summarized to include the following