South Sudan is the world’s newest nation having a huge agricultural potential that can be leveraged to improve the national economy and household living standards. The country’s endowment of favorable land, water, and weather conditions makes 70 percent of land suitable for agriculture.
The production system remains primarily subsistence in nature and crop yield is low.
Agriculture is one of the growing sectors for South Sudan being largely practiced by majority of rural population for subsistence purposes, with minimal cash crop production.
The major crops produced in this subsector include, Sorghum, maize, Rice, Sunflower, Cotton, sesame, Cassava, beans and peanuts. Other crops that are produced in small scale include: coffee, tea, sugar and tobacco. There is also great potential for growing fruits and vegetables such as bananas, mangoes, lemons, pineapples, onions, okra, tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes and cabbages.
Currently, the region depends totally on food imports from neighboring Countries such as Uganda and Kenya as well as northern Sudan as a result of long civil war.
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
The Ministry has a mandate to transform Agriculture from traditional subsistence system to achieve food security through scientific, market oriented, competitive and profitable agricultural system without compromising the sustainability of natural resources for future generations.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry performs the following functions and duties:
- Formulate legislation, policies, standards, and plans for the development of agriculture and forestry in South Sudan.
- Prevention of environment degradation through tree planting, soil and water conservation and proper utilization of agricultural land.
- Promotion of sustainable use of natural resources for agricultural and forestry production including non-timber forest products.
- Human resource training in the field of agriculture and forestry
- Promote the development and adaptation of appropriate technology in the field of agriculture and forestry;
- Create a national food policy to ensure adequate food availability throughout South Sudan.
- Establish and manage an effective agricultural extension service.
- Promote and where necessary regulate the efficient production and marketing of agriculture and forest products.
- Develop and implement a forestry development strategy for South Sudan.
- Promote community-based forestry conservation, management and utilization to ensure sustainable forestry production.
- Issue licenses to fell and/or export timber.
- Collect agricultural and forestry production data and their socio-economic impact on incomes and well-being.
- Promote, and where possible, undertake demand-driven agricultural and forestry research.
- Establish and manage/supervise an agricultural microfinance and credit banking scheme.
- Control crop and tree diseases.
- Control and regulate the use of agricultural chemicals and phytosanitary regulations and seed quality standards and licensing.
- Rehabilitating and expanding training institutions and research institutions.
- Provide technical assistance and training to State governments and other local governments to build their capacity to assume their responsibilities for agriculture and forestry matters as defined in the Constitution and RSS policy.
South Sudan of Chamber of commerce, industry and agriculture (SSCCIA)
It was established in 2003 to promote industry, technology and Agriculture that will attract domestics and foreign investments in South Sudan
- To monitor the proper functioning of all commercial activities in South Sudan
- To manage and direct all the organs of the Chamber towards the attainment of its main objectives
- To raise and borrow funds and receive gifts, donations, and contributions from local, regional and international organizations with similar objectives
- To provide advice to the government on issues relating to commerce, industry and agricultural investments
- To support and subscribe to any charitable organization and or public institution or society
- To monitor the implementation of Chamber’s projects and programs
- To perform any other additional functions as the general Assembly may deem fit.
Information about South Sudan has been summarized to include the following
Agriculture Sector Profile
Crop Growing in South Sudan
Land in South Sudan
Players in Agricultural Sector in South Sudan
Investment Opportunities in Agricultural Sector
Challenges faced in Agricultural Sector of South Sudan