The Fisheries sector boosts the livelihood of over 4500 fishermen and their families. Fishing could generate US$ 1.2 billion annually for Somalia.
In 2013, the European Union will spend US$6.5 million to help Somaliland pursue its long-term goal of netting 120,000 tons of seafood each year, the sale of which could generate $1.2 billion in foreign currency.
- Insecurity caused by the existence of pirates. The pirates steal the fish from the fishermen.
- Lack of adequate port reception facilities to collect and process ship waste which causes illegal cleaning of tanks
- Coastal and quarrying pits dug out near beaches
- Fishing practices form another source of local marine pollution; for example, local fishers often catch sharks cut their fins and dump the remaining parts back in the sea.
- Agricultural waste dumped into Juba River that flows directly into the sea.
Methods of Production and Consumption
Fish is caught with line and hooks, gill nets, drift nets, purse seine .Negligible quantities of frozen fish fillet form are exported to UAE. The true status is subsistence fishing. The production capacity in Somalia is about 5,000 tons per year. However, because of lack of infrastructure and means to reach export markets the production is about 2,000 tons per year.
Boats and Fishing Gears
Most fishing boats used in Somalia are wooden outboard motor Boats and rowboats. These boats catch most of fish with gill nets, lines & hooks, trolling lines, short pelagic loglines, and hand lines, drift nets, purse seine. They are owned by individual fishing families. There are about 1,000 in the country. Somalis are proficient in their manufacture and maintenance. These boats are rowed while some are outboard motors. There are also mechanized small fiberglass boats 6-10 meters long.