Education Sector

Located in the Horn of Africa, Somalia has faced more than a decade of civil unrest

Before the state collapsed in 1991, education was free and compulsory for children between the ages of six to thirteen in Somalia. Mass education programmes undertaken by the military government in the 70’s received public support throughout the nation and new primary and secondary schools were opened a c r o s s the country.

As a result of the prolonged civil war, the education system collapsed and most public schools closed.

In order to fill the gap left by the former Directorate of Education and in response to the growing need for emergency education, some Somali educated intellectuals established privately owned educational institutions. These privately run schools merged to form what has come to be known as Education Umbrellas

There are about eleven education umbrellas that predominantly run schools (primary and secondary) in the whole of the South Central Zone. They typically use different curricula, set and issue their own certificates. The public education system is lacking except for a few schools that are under the supervision of the DoE but funded by different education partners. In the absence of an Education Policy community schools endeavour to fill the gap although the needs are overwhelming.

With the prevailing relative peace and the Government’s increasing control of South Central Zone (SCZ), an opportunity exists for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the education sector.

Regulatory framework

Ministry of Human Development and Public Services – Directorate of Education

The newly re-established Ministry of Human Development and Public Services – Directorate of Education is the Government institution mandated to manage education in Somalia.


In living up to its mission, the Directorate of Education, with the assistance of its partners will make provision for and:

  • develop a vibrant, efficient, effective and accountable education system aimed at improving access, quality, and gender equity in early childhood, primary, secondary, and tertiary education;
  • increase the uptake of science and commercial subjects aimed at imparting livelihood skills;
  • increase the number of skilled people in technical and vocational education and training;
  • improve the provision of education for special needs and accelerated learning;
  • improve support for institutions across the education sector;
  • improve the quality of teachers and teacher training, both in-service and-pre-service and develop culturally relevant and appropriate teaching and learning materials;
  • Establish new and rehalilitate existing schools to provide for increased access.


The top priority for the Directorate is to get as many children into basic education as quickly as possible and to restore the functioning of the Directorate, which is in tandem with both the G2S initiative and National Education Conference Declaration.

The Directorate will use the early recovery phase to lay the institutional and regulatory foundations of a viable, functioning education sector with the ultimate goal being the emergence of a vibrant, efficient and effective education system characterised by improved access, quality of provision, and gender equity across primary, secondary, and tertiary education.

Ministry of Education & Culture

Ministry of Education & Culture is the ministry that is responsible for education and culture in Somalia

Education Sector has been summarized to include the following

Education Sector Profile

Profile of Universities and Colleges


Sports in Somalia

Investment Opportunities in Education Sector

Specialised Training institutions

Supporting Infrastructure