The animals and fisheries sectors are fundamental to the economic and cultural life of the Somali people. The livestock sector is predominantly pastoral and agro pastoral employing over 70% of the population.
Livestock production contributes 60% of GDP and about 85% of foreign export earnings.
About 80% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic pastoralists keeping goats, sheep, camels and cattle. Livestock continues to be Somalia’s largest traded commodity, with the main markets for Somali livestock being the Arabic peninsula, Kenya, Djibouti, and Ethiopia.
The Fisheries sector on the other hand boosts the livelihood of over 4500 fishermen and their families.
Vision for livestock sector
By year 2016, there should be a livestock sector, which to a large extent shall be healthy, productive and sustainable to ensure food security, increased household incomes and improved national economy while conserving the environment.
Ministry of Livestock
The Ministry’s mandate is to ensure that the livestock resource is developed and managed sustainably, through collaboration with all stakeholders, for the purpose of improving food security, reducing poverty, improving livelihoods and contributing to the national economy”.
Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources handles the fishing and marine resources of Somalia where the license fee. Wasaaraddan offers fishing license and aa’iidaysiga more resources.
The livestock policy and strategies have been developed to address constraints in the livestock sector and in compliance with local, regional and international obligations in matters related to animal health and livestock trade.
Objectives of the policy
To provide guidelines, coordination and regulation of the livestock sector in order to increase its efficiency in terms of production and productivity for the betterment of the livelihoods of livestock producers and improvement of the Somaliland economy, through focused use of resources.
The strategies proposed in this policy document take the following into consideration:
• National Veterinary Code and other laws of Somaliland
• OIE terrestrial animal health code.
• AU/IBAR recommendations for disease control policies and strategies for East African countries.
• WTO/SPS requirements/agreements in livestock and agricultural products trade.
• FAO/IAEA recommendations on accreditation for the purpose of sanitary measures of inspection and certification protocols and procedures of implementation for the export and import of livestock and livestock products.
• The Joint Needs Assessment (WB/UN/GOSL/JNA) (2006) report. The report has described the livestock sector development needs (not all the priorities were emphasised in the report) towards attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) by the year 2015.
The National Livestock Policy emphasizes:
• The improvement of animal health delivery and diagnostic services to protect the national herd.
• Improvement of veterinary public health services to protect and safeguard consumers locally and internationally.
• Maximization and commercialisation of animal production where possible to meet income demands of the producers and the national nutritional requirements.
• Fostering Trade in livestock and livestock products,
• Promotion of research, continuous professional development and strengthening of institutional capacity (public and Private) for effective service delivery
The Animals and Fisheries has been summarised to include the following