São Tomé and Príncipe is a Portuguese speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe located about 140 kilometres apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres, off the north-western coast of Gabon.
São Tomé, the sizable southern island is situated just north of the equator. It was named in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who arrived at the island on his feast day on the western shores of the island a small village called Anobom.
São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country with a population of 187,356
Since the 19th century, the economy of São Tomé and Príncipe has been based on plantation agriculture. The main crop on São Tomé is cocoa, representing about 95% of exports. Other export crops include copra, palm kernels, and coffee. Domestic food crop production is inadequate to meet local consumption, so the country imports some of its food
São Tomé and Príncipe was ranked the 174th safest investment destination in the world in the March 2011 Euro money Country Risk rankings
São Tomé and Príncipe has four official languages: Portuguese, the official language spoken by 95% of the population and the Portuguese-based creoles Forro (85%), Angolar (3%) and Principense (0.1%)
Over 80 percent of the people are Roman Catholic, less than 3 percent are Evangelical Christians and 1 percent is Seventh Day Adventists.
The climate is tropical with average yearly temperatures of about 27°C (80°F)
General information about Sao Tome and Principe has been summarized to include the following;
For more reading