Pineapple is a significant horticultural fruit crop in Rwanda grown mainly in the eastern and southern parts of the country. It is estimated over 17,000 hectares are under pineapple cultivation in the Eastern Province.
Areas that grow pineapple
The key areas in growing pineapples include the following:
Varieties of pineapples
The Sugarloaf pineapple has a white flesh and does not have any woodiness. It weighs around 2.3 to 2.7 kg and is sweet and juicy.
Queen pineapples are less sweet, have a rich yellow flesh, crisp texture, mild flavor and weigh up to 1.5 kg.
Smooth Cayenne Pineapple
Its yellow flesh and has high sugar and acid content. This variety weighs around 2.5 to 3 kg and is mainly used for canning.
Uses of pineapple
The pineapples have the following uses:
- Pineapple is eaten fresh.
- Raw pineapple is an excellent source of manganese.
- Pineapples contains considerable calcium, potassium, fibre and vitamin c.
- It is low in fat and cholesterol.
- Source of vitamin B1and B6.
- Pineapples reduces blood clotting and helps to remove praque from arterial walls.
- Helps to cure throat infections.
Challenges of growing pineapples
The farmers face the following challenges:
- The farmers lack of adequate information on market and pricing of their pineapple crop.
- The quantities produced as still low.
- The transport cost is high on a sub‐regional basis and the demand for fresh pineapple does not exist.
- The farmers lack capacity to process their own products.
- There are challenges of maintaining quality standard.
- Transport in the rural areas is adequate