The Rwanda Vision 2020 seeks to fundamentally transform Rwanda into a middle-income country by the year 2020
Objectives of Vision 2020
- Vision 2020 is to increase the GDP per capita from current level of US$900 to US $1,240.
- Vision 2020 aspires for Rwanda to become a modern, strong and united nation, proud of its fundamental values, politically stable and without discrimination amongst its citizens.
Pillars of the vision
Good Governance and a Capable State
Rwanda will become a modern, united and prosperous nation founded on the positive values of its culture. The nation will be open to the world, including its own Diaspora. Rwandans will be a people, sharing the same vision for the future and ready to contribute to social cohesion, equity and equality of opportunity.
The country is committed to being a capable state, characterized by the rule of law that supports and protects all its citizens without discrimination
Human Resource Development and a Knowledge-based economy
Apart from raising the general welfare of the population, improvements in education and health services can be used to build a productive and efficient workforce. This will be essential for Rwanda to become a sophisticated knowledge-based economy.
Private Sector-led Development
The Government of Rwanda will not be involved in providing services and products that can be delivered more efficiently by the private sector. It is, therefore, committed towards a comprehensive privatization policy that will help reduce costs and prices and widen consumer choice. The State will only act as a catalyst; ensuring that infrastructure, human resources and legal frameworks are geared towards stimulating economic activity and private investment.
The rehabilitation and development of infrastructure is a crucial aspect in lowering the costs of doing business in Rwanda, which will attract domestic and foreign investment.
Water– In order to achieve the goals for water set out in Vision 2020, the country will have to increase the rate of access to potable water by 2.5 percentage points, annually from the current rate of 52% so that the whole of the Rwandan population will have access to drinkable water by 2020.
Energy-Rwanda will therefore increase energy production and diversify into alternative energy sources.
To achieve this, Rwanda has considerable hydroelectric potential, in addition to large deposits of renewable methane gas in Lake Kivu, estimated at 60 billion cubic meters. In rural areas direct solar energy or photovoltaic energy can be used, whilst up to 1/3 of 155 million tons of peat deposit is currently exploitable. Rwanda projects that by 2020, at least 35 % of the population will be connected to electricity (up from 2% in 2000) and the consumption of wood will decrease from the current 94% to 50% of national energy consumption.
Communication & ICT –By 2020, Rwanda projects to have internet access at all administrative levels, for all secondary schools and for a large number of primary schools. Telephone services will be widespread in rural areas and efficiency of public services will have increased through the application of e-government principles.
Transport– A combined rail and water system that can link to the Banguela Railway will be considered.
Furthermore, a second airport capable of serving, as a regional hub for the great lakes region will be developed. For the internal market, Rwanda has a reliable and safe transport network of feeder roads, however, this will continue to be extended and improved.
Urban Development -The country will develop basic infrastructure in urban centers and in other development poles, enabling the decongestion of agricultural zones. The proportion of those living in towns and cities will increase from 10% in 2000 to 30% in 2020 (from 5% in 1995).
The income differential between towns and rural areas should remain within reasonable proportions, due to the decentralization of economic activities to the country.
Land use management– Rwanda will pursue a harmonious policy of grouped settlements based on economic activity. Rural settlements organized into active development centers will be equipped with basic infrastructure and services. This system of settlement will serve as an entry point into the development of non-agricultural income generating activities. Land will be recognized and consolidated so as to create adequate space for modern and viable farming
Waste management– By 2020, the rural and urban areas are to have sufficient sewerage and disposal systems. Each town is to be endowed with an adequate unit for treating and compressing solid wastes for disposal.
Households will have mastered and be practicing measures of hygiene and waste disposal.
Productive High Value and Market Oriented Agriculture
The vision aims to replace subsistence farming by a fully monetized, commercial agricultural sector by 2020.
The key policy areas that need urgent attention to bring about this transformation include the following:
- Institutional and legal reforms to ensure security of land ownership;
Development of a market in land assets;
Extensive research and extension services;
Investment in rural infrastructures;
Use of high yielding varieties and intensive input use, especially fertilizers;
Promotion of agro-based manufacturing;
-Environmental control measures to halt the decline in soil fertility;
- Rural Financing Schemes and Markets
Regional and International Integration
Rwanda considers regional economic integration as one of the crucial elements of achieving Vision
- To this end, it will be necessary to pursue an open, liberal trade regime, minimizing barriers to trade as well as implementing policies to encourage foreign direct investment.