Agriculture is the main economic activity for the people of Rwanda providing employment to about 86% of the total population. The sector contributes 47% of Rwanda’s Gross Domestic Product and accounts for about 80% of the foreign earnings from the exports of the primary products of coffee, tea, hides and skins, pyrethrum and horticulture. Over 80% of the population derives their survival from sector.
Crops Grown in Rwanda
Rwanda’s key agricultural crops include coffee, pyrethrum, tea, cinchona, flowers, beans, cassava and sweet potatoes, finger millet, ground nuts, sorghum, banana, Irish and sweet potatoes, rice, wheat, bananas, sugarcane and simsim among others.
About 61% of Rwandan soil is suitable for agriculture as the soils are fertile.
Coffee is one of the most important cash crops in Rwanda playing a major role in the livelihoods of many people in the country. In Rwanda about 500,000 households depend on coffee production and the country has main two coffees grown
Rwanda’s coffee is exclusively Arabica which accounts for 98% and Robusta 2%
Livestock is one of the Rwanda’s important growth sectors contributing about rwf 19652million to the GDP. The sector is characterized into cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and poultry.
Characteristics of the sector
- Agriculture is the common type of sector in all regions covering over 7 major crops
- 80% of the population derives their survival from Agriculture sector.
- The sector contributes one third of GDP and generates more than 45.0 percent of the country’s export revenues.
- Agriculture is also important for national food self sufficiency
- Production of food crops have throughout the period, dominated the agriculture sector and this is between 44-47%
Investment opportunities in Agriculture Sector Rwanda
- Involvement of private investors in the agricultural sector
- Production and promotion of farming tools
- Mangoes farming
- Commercial farming
- Agricultural exports such as tea, coffee, fruit and flowers
- Animal feeds processing
- Pineapple farming
- Further opportunities in coffee washing and roasting as the premium harvest grows
- Distribution markets and cold chain infrastructure for other export products
- Passion fruit and other exotics fruits are currently processed for the regional market