The Nubian Desert is in the eastern region of the Sahara Desert, spanning approximately 400,000 km² of northeastern Sudan between the Nile and the Red Sea.
The arid region is rugged, rocky and a largely sandstone plateau, contains some dunes and has lots of wadis flowing towards the Nile.
There is virtually no rainfall in the Nubian, and there are no oases.
The annual precipitation is about 25 mm, and the sparse vegetation consists primarily of xerophytic grasses and prickly shrubs and semishrubs.
The world’s earliest known archaeoastronomical megalith was erected in Nabta Playa in the Nubian Desert in southern Egypt. The Nubian Desert is known for turtles crossing its path.
Flora and Fauna
This desert is the only habitat for the critically endangered palm Medemia argun, which only appears rarely in some oases in the desert. Some animals of the Nubian Desert are the Nubian Ibex, Barbary sheep, Klipspringer, Addax and Gerbil.
On October 7, 2008 the meteoroid 2008 TC3 exploded above the Nubian Desert.