Nigeria is one of the countries in Africa that has a wide variety of different natural resources.
The country is richly endowed with a variety of Natural Resources raging from precious metals various stones to industrial. A detail of the different resources is given below;
Nigeria has proven oil reserves of 23 Billion barrels.
The country has gas reserves equivalent to 160 Trillion cubic meters.
Nigeria has over 40 million tonnes deposits of talc in the states of Niger, Osun, Kogi, Ogun and Kaduna.
About one billion tonnes of gypsum deposits are spread over many states in Nigeria.
Nigeria has over 3 billion metric tonnes of iron ore deposits in the Federal Capital Territory, Kogi, Enugu and Niger States.
There are proven reserves of 5 million tones of lead/zinc in Nigeria. However the estimated quantity of available lead/zinc veins is 10 million tones.
Bentonite and Baryte
Large bentonite reserves of 700 million tonnes are available in many states of Nigeria. Also over 7.5 million tonnes of baryte have been identified in Taraba and Bauchi States.
There are proven reserves of both alluvial and primary gold in the schist belt of Nigeria located in the south-western part of the country. The deposits are mainly alluvial and are currently being exploited on a small scale.
Bitumen reserves in Nigeria are about 42 billion tones.
There are nearly 3 billion tonnes of indicated reserves in 17 identified coal fields and over 600 million tonnes of proven reserves. Nigerian coal is one of the most bituminous in the world owing to its low sulphur and ash content and therefore the most environment-friendly.
There are 1.5 million tonnes of rock salt indicated in Nigeria. Further investigations are now being carried out by Government.
Some of the gemstones in Nigeria include sapphire, ruby, aquamarine, emerald, tourmaline, topaz, garnet, amethyst; zircon, and flourspar which are among the world’s best.
An estimated reserve of 3 billion tonnes of good kaolinitic clay has been identified in many localities in Nigeria.
Nigeria has elephants, giraffes, gorillas, hippopotamus, 24 species of primates, 23 species of antelopes, 18 species of fruit bats, reptiles and amphibians. There are seven national parks namely; Chad Basin, Cross River, Gashaka-Gumti, Kamuku, Kainji Lake, Okomu and Old Oyo.