Land in Mauritius is very important. Over 40 percent of the land in Mauritius is arable.
The main minerals in Mauritius are basalts produced from local coral limestone and coral sand. There are also polymetallic nodules that occur on the ocean floor at about 4,000 m depth around Mauritius. They contain more than 15% of both iron and manganese and more than 0.35% cobalt.
Mauritius is known for the famous pink pigeon. The country also has various bird species. Mauritius’ sole National Park is the Black River Gorges National Park providing over 50 km of trails.