Equatorial Guinea is located in Central Africa with an area of 28,000 square kilometers. The country has two parts that is an insular and a mainland region. The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón, a small volcanic island south of the equator. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country’s capital, Malabo.
Malabo is the capital city of Eqautorial Guinea and it lies about 40 kilometers off the coast of Cameroon.
The mainland region, Río Muni is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. It also includes several small offshore islands that are Corisco, Elobey Grande and Elobey Chico.
Since the mid-1990s, Equatorial Guinea has become one of sub-Sahara’s largest oil producers and this has strongly contributed to the economy’s income.
The country has a population of 650,702; it is the richest country per capita in Africa and its gross domestic product (GDP) per capita ranks 69th in the world.
The authoritarian regime ruling Equatorial Guinea has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the “worst of the worst” in Freedom House’s annual survey of political and civil rights.
Equatorial Guinea has a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. From June to August, Río Muni is dry and Bioko wet; from December to February. In between there is gradual transition. Rain or mist occurs daily on Annobón where a cloudless day has never been registered.
The temperature at Malabo, Bioko ranges from 16 °C (61 °F) to 33 °C (91 °F), though on the southern Moka Plateau normal high temperatures are only 21 °C (70 °F). In Río Muni, the average temperature is about 27 °C (81 °F).
General information about Equatorial Guinea has been summarized to include the following;