Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad in the north, Sudan in the northeast, South Sudan in the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo in the south and Cameroon in the west.
The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 km2 and had an estimated population of about 4,525,209 as of 2013
CAR consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas and also includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south and the two-thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari which flows into Lake Chad.
After independence from France in 1960 Central African Republic was ruled by various autocratic leaders and by the 1990s calls for democracy led to the first multi-party democratic elections in 1993.
Ange-Félix Patassé became president but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 Coup. The Central African Republic Bush War began in 2004 and despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011 fighting broke out in December, 2012 and led to ethnic cleansing and massive population displacement in 2013 and 2014.
Despite its significant mineral deposits and other resources, such as uranium reserves, crude oil, gold, diamonds, lumber,and hydropower as well as significant quantities of arable land, Central African Republic is among the ten poorest countries in the world.
General information about Central African Republic has been summarized to include the following;