Cameroon is located on the West coast of Africa, bordered by Nigeria, Gabon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo and Equatorial Guinea. It has a 400 km from coastline to the Atlantic Ocean.
The climate of Cameroon ranges from tropical rainforest to open savannah with high mountain ranges on the North West border with Nigeria. Mount Cameroon located at Buea near the port of Limbe rises to 4,100 meters and is an active volcano. From the main commercial port city of Douala, the land rises to 700 metres at Yaounde City.
The population is about 20,000,000, comprised of over 240 tribal groups. No tribe or religion has dominance and the country has been typically peaceful throughout its history.
Land area is 475,440 square kilometres.
The country owes its name Cameroes which the Portuguese found on the Wourri estuary in 1472 and named it ‘Rio Dos Cameroes’ or ‘River of prawns’.
From 1884 to 1916 Cameroon was a German Protectorate. From 1916 to 1945 it was administered by Britain and France as Mandates of the League of Nations, then as trust-territories of the United Nations from 1945 to 1960/61. The French part gained independence from being a French trust-territory of the United Nations in 1960 and the English part in 1961 to become a Federal Republic of Cameroon.
In 1984 the name was officially changed to The Republic of Cameroon. In 1992, the first multiparty elections were held.
The system of government is the French model, with a powerful office of President a Prime Minister and Ministers appointed by the President and the Chamber of Deputies elected by popular vote every four years.
Cameroon became a full member of the Commonwealth of Nations in 1995 and now actively participates in that organisation. Membership became possible due to part of the republic being the former British Cameroon.
The official languages are French and English, although French is dominant. English is most strongly represented in the former British Cameroon region.
General information about Cameroon has been summarized to include the following;
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