Agriculture Sector

Agriculture is known to be the major contributor to national economic growth contributing 30% to gross domestic product as of February 2013, poverty reduction employing 90 per cent of Burundi’s labour force, food security and exporter earning 90 per cent of export revenues and has led to improvement of   people’s livelihoods and the socio-economic transformation of the country

The government’s strategy for development of the sector (“National Agricultural Investment Plan 2012-2017”) is particularly focused on measures to structure operations, improve productivity, development of agro-industry, building institutions, professional producers and promotion of private initiative.

Regulatory Framework

Ministry Of Agriculture and Livestock
The MINAGRI’s missions are reflected in the Presidential Decree No. 100/38 of January 3, 2006 and include:

  • The design, planning, coordination, and implementation of national policy on agriculture and livestock
  • The organization and monitoring of agro-food processing
  • The establishment of the population’s sustainable food security system
  • The development and implementation of national policy on protection and fertilization of soils
  • The development and implementation of crop protection strategies
  • The definition and implementation of national policy of mobilization for self-development and agroforestry-zootechnic popularization
  • The promotion and supervision of the exploitation of water, of fishing and fish farming products, in collaboration with other concerned ministries

This ministry has four General Directorates:

  1. The General Directorate of Agricultural and Livestock Planning
  2. The General Directorate of Mobilization for Self-Development and Agricultural Extension (DGMAVA) which itself has two directorates: the Directorate of Agricultural Training and Animation (DAFA), and 16 Provincial Directorates of Agriculture and Livestock (DPAE), which are the structure in the heart of implementation of Agricultural and Livestock Projects with a central role of outreach, coordination and monitoring.
  3. The General Directorate of Agriculture with three Directorates (Directorate of Fertilization and Protection of Soils (DFPS), Directorate for the Promotion of Seeds and Plants (DPSP), and Directorate of Plants Protection (DPV)), technical and regulatory oriented structures in charge of the National Policy on agricultural inputs (fertilization, protection of plants and seed/seedlings).
  4. The General Directorate of Livestock (DGE) and its three Directorates: the Directorate of Animal Health (DSA), the Directorate for the Promotion of Animal Production (DPPA), and the Directorate of Water, Fishery and Fish Farming (DEPP).

Coffee development authority
The coffee development authority, ARFIC (formerly OCIBU), serves as the government’s regulatory and policy arm and is charged with guiding policy, monitoring production, maintaining official coffee statistics, certifying coffee quality and licensing exporters.

The policy and regulatory environment governing the Burundi coffee sector is vital to its functioning and to the ongoing process of liberalization and privatization.

Institute of agricultural science of Burundi
ISABU is a national institution under the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock created by No. B7/11 legislative order of 22 June 1962, mandated to agricultural research to provide Burundian farmers animal and plant performance and appropriate accompanying hardware technologies

Its research focuses on the production of high quality seeds, agro-forestry and food trees, erosion control, cattle race improvement techniques, fodder crops, farm profitability, and on organising production by region.

To contribute in collaboration with its partners to the development of agricultural innovations and knowledge that aim to improve the welfare and market-oriented by increasing productivity and promoting agricultural value chains.


  • Promoting agricultural research by providing farmers an animal and plant performance and improved agro-pastoral technical equipment
  • Develop technologies and innovations that promote sustainable and integrated management of natural resources for agricultural production
  • Encourage the interaction of key players in the development of rural areas through promotion of value chains for added value of research results
  • Strengthen the capacity and skills of human resources and materials for the agro-pastoral research competitive.

National Center for Food Technologies
The National Center for Food Technologies (CNTA) also falls under the administrative responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock.

CNTA’s mission is to promote research and development of food technologies and the transfer and dissemination of these technologies to small enterprises.

Institute of Agronomic and Zoo Technic Research
The Institute of Agronomic and Zoo technic Research (IRAZ) is part of the Economic Community of the Countries of the Great Lakes (CEPGL), which covers Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda. IRAZ’s mandate is to provide food security through agricultural and animal science research

Government Policy
Burundi has an impressive range of policy documents for the development of the agricultural sector. The Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategic Framework (GPRSF), adopted in 2006, commits the government to promoting agriculture, livestock and fisheries by improving production and stimulating exports of coffee, tea, cotton and non-traditional exports. For food crops, the GPRSF aims to increase yields, especially to:

  • Improve input supply costs so as to make the use of inputs affordable for the poorest populations
  • Identify and implement improved cultivation techniques
  • Improve vegetable crop extension
  • Encourage the development of food processing, preserving, and marketing technologies
  • Upgrade water management capacities
  • Promote the widespread use of quality seed.

For livestock, key aims are rebuilding livestock populations and introducing genetic improvements, particularly by distributing breeding stock.

Agricultural sector has been summarized to include the following
Agricultural Sector Profile

Land in Burundi

Crop Growing in Burundi

Supporting Infrastructure

Labour For Agriculture in Burundi

Challenges faced by the agriculture sector

Investment Opportunities in Agricultural Sector