Luanda is the capital city of Angola with a population of over 2.825 million people and an area of over 113 km². It is world’s third most populous Portuguese-speaking city, behind only São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, both in Brazil, and the most populous Portuguese-speaking capital in the world, ahead of Brasília, Maputo and Lisbon.
People have to move from their residential areas to their work places located in the city centre and industrial area. The common means of public transport within the city are as follows:
Communal taxis (Candogueiros or mini bus cabs)
Luanda has an abundance of candogueiros or mini bus cabs, which carry 12 passangers and are easy to identify by their pale blue and white paint. This transport system covers all parts of the city and its surbubs.
These Cangongeiros do not have signs of their destination. However, they have a written side on the side that says “particular”which means “”privately owned”. A tout shouts the destination, so you must know Luanda’s geographical location before you board this mode of transport. They are an inexpensive way of travelling around Luanda, but it is not the most comfortable way of going around town.
Each Cangongeiros has a conductor (tout) and a driver and there are designated public transport stages.
The conductor invites passengers to the taxi and later collects the taxi fares from the passengers as they reach their destination. The passenger has to alert the conductor when he or she about to reach the place of destination so that the conductor can collect the fare and also alert the driver to find appropriate stopping place
There are three ticket classes, primeira (the priciest), expresso, and tramway (the cheapest). Carriages are generally clean, and decently modern with a restaurant car and functioning toilets. The middle line is also fully functional, serving Luau, Lobito, Cubal, and Huambo. The southern sector is still in the works, and will run between Namibe, Menongue and Lubango.
Motor Cycle Taxis
Motor Cycles are common means of transport in Launda which can reach places which cannot be easily reached using the other means.
They wait at every corner, or you can flag one down as he drives by. Tell the driver where you want to go, and he’ll tell you a price.
Buses serve most parts of the city, leaving from several main points around the centre.
There is also a private bus company TURA working routes in Luanda, 40 lines are currently operating, with service from 5:30 a.m.
Special Hire Taxis
These are privately owned vehicles that transport people to different areas around Launda and the suburbs. The Special Hire Taxis have no defined routes but move accordingly to the customer’s instructions.